20 October, 2009

Fire Burns. What to do?

Burns from fire
If your clothes or your friend's clothes catch fire:
1. Stay absolutely still. Do not try to run.
2. Fall to the ground.
3. Flames need oxygen to keep them burning. Rolling on the ground will stop them from getting any oxygen and help put the flames out.
4. something like a woollen blanket, floor rug or clothing around the person to smother the flames as they roll on the floor.
5. cool the burnt skin with cold water (a shower is good if there is one), and keep it under the water until help arrives.
6. Call for help.
Get help from the nearest, trusted adult.
Call emergency services like Police or Fire Brigade.

First aid for all burns
First Aid is what you do while you are waiting for help to come - that is why it is called first aid - because it is what you do first and - what you do first can be very important.
1. Make sure that both the person hurt and you are safe (for example, well away from the fire, or chemicals or power source).
2. Call for help.
3. Take off any clothes or jewellery around the burned part of the body.
4. Use cold running water to cool the burn for 20 minutes - (under the shower is good.)
5. DO NOT USE ICE
6. Do not break blisters
7. Putting cool wet cloths on is okay if there is no tap but they have to be kept wet and cool!
8. Keep the person warm with extra clothes or a blanket on the unburnt parts of the body.
9. See a doctor or health professional if the burn is bigger than a large coin.
It is important to cool the burn for at least 20 minutes to stop damage to the tissue under the skin.

Other types of burns
* Chemical burns
(like the stuff that’s used to clean ovens or drains,)
1 Use a cloth or brush to brush off any chemicals on the skin.
(Do not use your bare hands).
2 Wash the burned area with cold water.
3 Get help.

* Electrical burns
1 Do not touch the person until you know the power is off.
2 Turn off the power using a wooden spoon or broom handle. If your house has a special safety switch then it will have already switched off the power, but still use a wooden spoon to turn the power off at the plug.
3 Wash the burned area with cold water.
4 Get help.

* Sunburn
If a large area of your skin is sun burnt, cool it down with a wet cool cloth.
Ask your parents to get some special cream from the chemist to put on the burnt area.
If you have a lot of pain, or you feel sick because of the sunburn, you will need to go to the doctor for help.

What can you do to make sure that your home is safe from fire?
check List

1. Does your house have smoke alarms? (kitchen, lounge and bedrooms are good places) Do you check the batteries?
2. Does your house have an electrical safety switch? (That switches all power off if there's a problem)
3. Is there a shady area to play outside? (So you don't get sunburnt)
4. Are there electrical cords across walkways? (People could trip over)
5. Are there electrical cords that are frayed or pulling out of plug? (Could get an electric shock)
6. Are cords in reach of young children? (eg. they could pull an electric kettle over)
7. Is there a pan-guard round cooking top? (To stop pans tipping or being pulled over by young children.)
8. Are pan handles facing away from front of cooker? (So people can't knock into them and be scalded.)
9. Are there safety guards round heaters and fires?
10. Are there safety guards round fans?
11. Fire extinguisher? What kind? (Some are for electrical fires and others are not.)
12. Is there a fire blanket or something else you could use to smother the flames?
13. Are matches and candles out of reach of small children?
14. No electric appliances in bathroom, eg, radio, hair drier
15. Is there more than one thing plugged into a power-point?
16. Are chemical cleaners out of reach of small children?
17. Do you have a family emergency plan?
18. Do you have a family fire drill?
19. Are emergency numbers listed by the phone?